Undoubtedly, developing nations of the world are working very hard to be called developed nations. Many of such nations are situated in the African continent which happens to be the second largest continent. The productive age segment of the population of the African continent is higher when compared to the developed nations of the world as Africa has more able youths within the productive age bracket (18-64). According to worldatlas.com, out of the first 30 countries with the youngest population in the world, 29 of those countries are in Africa while Afghanistan is occupying the 14 positions on the chart.
Couple with human resources, many countries within Africa is blessed with natural resources and arguably has the best weather condition for agriculture and natural tourist’s sites. Because the developed nations understand what it means to have a more productive age bracket; they often open their doors to migrants from these third world nations through academic scholarships, exchange programmes, visa lottery, leadership training, absorbing irregular migrants which are usually youths and they use the energy, and brain power of these foreigners to solidify their economy.
A country case is Canada that has opened her door for 1 million migrants for the next three years, and undisputedly, about 95 percent will be migrants from developing nations as it is seen as an escape to witness a better life and be accorded due recognition. This unabated migration by youths of the developing nations has and will continue to lead to brain drain as it has cost nations and continent her best brains to flee to already stable countries.
Human resources are the pillar on which other resources stand which developing nations despise despite having them in abundance. According to Medical Dental Council of Nigeria, they have about 72,000 doctors registered with them, over half practice outside the country and report has it that in March 2018 only, 1,500 doctors sat for the Professional Linguistic Assessment Board (PLAB) examination and 1,000 passed, and the same exam is held twice a year.
If the systemic failure is not checked, it can be considered a double tragedy for an ailing nation to lose her lifeline; the youths and in turn ask developed nations to support with the same resources they lost in terms of grants, donations, military help, and technical support. They also buy these resources in hard currencies like going for medical treatment and products and services with public funds.
Factors responsible for migration by skilled and unskilled professionals are not limited to; unemployment, underemployment, the indirect practice of gerontocracy, lack of space to strive, lack of recognition and encouragement, lack of social welfare, and non-inclusiveness of youths, who-know-man (nepotism), to name but a few. Unless these factors are seen as a problem that should be problematized, the poor nations of the earth will be developed will be a self-deceit, as nations are not developed by asking for grants and loans but by a conscious effort to work for the people.
By Samuel Igue Idahosa
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